Gibbs Law Group and co-counsel have filed two class action lawsuits against the City of San Diego and California water districts, alleging that they violated the state constitution by using tiered water rates that charge customers more than what it actually costs to deliver the water. 

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Lawsuits against City of San Diego and Otay Water District allege excessive and unconstitutional fees

On April 5, 2019, Gibbs Law Group filed a fifth amended complaint against the City of San Diego, which operates utility systems that provide water services to approximately 1.4 million residential, commercial, and wholesale customers. On November 14, 2016, Gibbs Law Group filed a second amended complaint against Otay Water District, the San Diego County Water Authority, the Metropolitan Water District of Southern California, and the City of San Diego.  

The class action lawsuits state that the California Constitution requires public water providers, like the city of San Diego and Otay Water District, to anchor their rates to the actual cost of providing the water service. Article XIII D of the constitution forbids public water agencies from imposing fees for water services that are disproportionate to the costs of actually delivering the water to each residence. Accordingly, the lawsuits allege that the city and water district have overcharged consumers for their water services and seek refunds for consumers, along with court orders requiring the water districts to enact rates that do not violate the constitution.   

Read a copy of the Coziahr v. Otay lawsuit here, which is on behalf of all single-family residential customers of the Otay Water District who received residential water service after July 14, 2014. And read a copy of the Patz v. City of San Diego lawsuit here which is on behalf of all single-family residential customers of the City of San Diego who received water service after July 14, 2011. 

Otay v. Coziahr and Patz v. City of San Diego Statuses: Court rules in favor of plaintiffs in liability and remedies

The Court recently issued rulings on liability and remedies—including compensation to make up for overcharges — in favor of the plaintiffs. In the Otay case, the Court determined in March 2021 that Otay Water District has failed to prove that its tiered rates correspond to the actual cost of providing service at a given usage level, among other things. Similarly, in the Patz case, the Court issued a September 13, 2021, Statement of Decision asserting that the City of San Diego “failed to demonstrate by substantial evidence that the tiered water rates imposed by its 2013 and 2015 ratemakings are proportional to the cost of service attributable to each customer’s parcel, as required by Proposition 218.”  

In both cases, the Court ruled that the water rates the defendants have charged do not comply with the California constitution and that the city of San Diego and Otay Water District must start using water rates that are consistent with the California Constitution. The Court also issued decisions in both cases awarding class members refunds for unconstitutional overcharges. In the Otay case, the Court issued a Statement of Decision ordering Otay Water District to repay class members approximately $24 million. In the San Diego case, the Court issued a Judgment ordering the City of San Diego to repay class members approximately $79 million.  

 On April 1, 2022, the City of San Diego filed an appeal in the Patz case challenging the Court’s decisions on liability and remedies. Our attorneys filed a counter-appeal, and those appeals are pending. On July 12, 2022, Otay Water District filed a motion for a new trial challenging the Court’s award of a refund to class members. All relief the Court awards to the class must wait until the Court rules on post-trial motions and any appeals are resolved. 

Our Featured Attorneys

Andre Mura

Andre Mura represents plaintiffs in class and complex litigation concerning consumers’ and workers’ rights, products liability, drug and medical devices, federal jurisdiction, and constitutional law.

Steve Lopez

Steve Lopez represents consumers, employees, and whistleblowers harmed by corporate misconduct. He has prosecuted a variety of consumer protection and complex employment cases.

Eric Gibbs

A founding partner at the firm, Eric has negotiated groundbreaking settlements that resulted in reforms to business practices, and have favorably shaped the laws impacting plaintiffs’ legal rights.

Zeke Wald

Zeke is dedicated to representing plaintiffs in class action and complex litigation concerning consumers’ and workers’ rights, products liability, privacy law, and constitutional law.  

About Us

Gibbs Law Group is a California-based law firm committed to protecting the rights of clients nationwide who have been harmed by corporate misconduct. We represent individuals, whistleblowers, employees, and small businesses across the U.S. against the world’s largest corporations. Our award-winning lawyers have achieved landmark recoveries and over a billion dollars for our clients in high-stakes class action and individual cases involving consumer protection, data breach, digital privacy, and federal and California employment lawsuits. Our attorneys have received numerous honors for their work, including “Top Plaintiff Lawyers in California,” “Top Class Action Attorneys Under 40,” “Consumer Protection MVP,” “Best Lawyers in America,” and “Top Cybersecurity/ Privacy Attorneys Under 40.”