A Sarbanes-Oxley whistleblower is someone who reports a violation of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act (SOX) to the Securities and Exchange Commission. Anyone who has original information about a possible violation of Sarbanes-Oxley may be a SOX whistleblower.

For more information about the requirement for reporting violations to the SEC and whistleblower rewards, see our SEC whistleblower page.

Common SOX Violations

Congress passed the Sarbanes-Oxley Act in 2002 to protect shareholders from accounting fraud. SOX includes reforms to improve financial disclosures that corporations are required to make and ensure controls are in place to prevent accounting irregularities.

The sections of Sarbanes-Oxley that corporations most commonly violate include:

Section 401 of SOX

Prohibits material misstatements, untrue statements, or omissions on the company’s periodic financial reports, such as its annual report (10-K) or quarterly report (10-Q).

Section 404 of SOX

Requires companies to publish information in their financial reports on the scope, adequacy, and effectiveness of their internal controls over financial reporting. Companies must have an external accounting firm assess and report on the accuracy of the company’s assessment of its financial controls. An example of a financial control is restricting access to financially significant computer systems to only authorized personnel.

Section 409 of SOX

Requires companies to immediately report to the public any material changes to their financial conditions or operations.

Section 802 of SOX

Prohibits altering, destroying, concealing, or falsifying financial records.

SOX 301 Whistleblower

Under Sarbanes-Oxley Section 301, a company’s audit committee is required to establish formal whistleblower procedures to address complaints related to accounting or auditing.

Specifically, SOX 301 requires the audit committee establish procedures for:

  • <span=”font-size:120%;”>External complaints: creating a system for handling and recordkeeping of complaints received from any outside source.
  • <span=”font-size:120%;”>Internal complaints: creating a system, such as a whisteblower hotline (e.g., a 1-800 number), to enable employees to confidentially and anonymously report concerns about accounting or auditing practices.

an anonymous sox whistleblower
SOX 301 Whistleblowers Can Remain Anonymous


Sarbanes Oxley Whistleblower Rewards

Sarbanes-Oxley whistleblowers are entitled to between 10 and 30 percent of any funds the SEC recovers as a result of their information.

The SEC has awarded over $111 million to whistleblowers in total since the inception of the whistleblower program, with an average whistleblower award of $3.3 million.

SOX Whistleblower Protection

The Sarbanes-Oxley Act, passed in 2002, protects employees of publicly traded companies who report securities violations to a federal agency, to law enforcement, to Congress, or internally, such as to a supervisor, to an internal hotline, or as part of an internal investigation.

Sarbanes-Oxley 1107 prohibits an employer from taking adverse action or <href=”https://www.classlawgroup.com/whistleblower/retaliation/”>retaliating against an employee for whistleblowing, which includes a prohibition on firing, blacklisting, or reprimanding the employee.

An employee who is terminated for whistleblowing is entitled to reinstatement and back pay, which includes all the income they would have earned during the period where they were laid off. Whistleblowers who are retaliated against are also entitled to special damages, such as for emotional distress and loss of professional reputation, and attorney’s fees.

Our SOX Whistleblower Lawyers

Eric Gibbs

Eric has served in leadership positions in a number of high profile, complex financial fraud class action lawsuits. He has been recognized as a Law360 MVP for Consumer Protection.

Dylan Hughes

Dylan Hughes concentrates his practice on investigating and prosecuting fraud matters on behalf of whistleblowers, consumers and employees harmed by corporate misconduct.

Amy Zeman

Amy has built a reputation in the plaintiffs’ bar for delivering results and justice to consumers and sexual assault survivors in class action and mass tort litigation. The Daily Journal named her a Top Woman Lawyer in California for 2021.

Aaron Blumenthal

Aaron Blumenthal represents consumers, employees, and whistleblowers in class action and other complex litigation.

About Us

Gibbs Law Group is a California-based law firm committed to protecting the rights of clients nationwide who have been harmed by corporate misconduct. We represent individuals, whistleblowers, employees, and small businesses across the U.S. against the world’s largest corporations. Our award-winning lawyers have achieved landmark recoveries and over a billion dollars for our clients in high-stakes class action and individual cases involving consumer protection, data breach, digital privacy, and federal and California employment lawsuits. Our attorneys have received numerous honors for their work, including “Top Plaintiff Lawyers in California,” “Top Class Action Attorneys Under 40,” “Consumer Protection MVP,” “Best Lawyers in America,” and “Top Cybersecurity/ Privacy Attorneys Under 40.”